The knee is one of the strongest and most important joints in the body.  The knee joint is vital for individuals to participate in daily activities, such as walking, running, sitting and standing.  The knee joint consists of 3 bones; the femur (thigh bone), the patella (knee cap) and the tibia (lower leg bone). These bones all work together with the assistance of the surrounding muscles, like the quadriceps and hamstrings, to allow for the knee to bend and straighten, or flex and extend.  Located inside of the knee joint are cartilage (medical and lateral meniscus) and ligaments (ACL and PCL) that provide the joint with cushioning and stability. The knee joint can withstand excess forces, like running or jumping but, may also lead to injury. Some of these injuries include: meniscus tear, ACL tear or tendinitis.


Common symptoms and complaints:


– Swelling

– Stiffness

– Locking/catching sensation

– Weakness/buckling/giving out

– Popping and cracking

– Decrease motion



– Strength training

– Laser

– Ultrasound

– Massage

– Manipulation

– Muscle retraining

– Stability training